Anthropology (ATY)

The most iconic object in the museum is probably the yellow cedar sculpture The Raven and the First Men by Bill Reid , which was depicted on the Canadian twenty-dollar bill from to the Canadian Journey Series. Other notable Bill Reid works include his Bear and Wasco Sea Wolf sculptures, some of his gold jewellery , and a prototype of the Haida dugout canoe he carved for Expo There are several large Musqueam artifacts in the museum from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as well as many contemporary works commissioned from Musqueam artists such as Susan Point , Joe Becker, and Robyn and Debra Sparrow. There are many fragments of totem poles from Haida and other First Nations villages along British Columbia’s coast in the museum’s Great Hall. There are about textiles in the collection; about half of these come from Asia. Of particular note are the Cantonese opera costumes that are considered some of the world’s finest. The archives contain approximately 90, photographs that cover a wide range of cultures, ethnographic subjects, and historical events. The collection dates from the s and is an important resource for researchers, writers, artists, and communities. There are approximately belongings in the African collection. The earlier collections came to MOA via missionaries, travelers, and ex-colonial officers.

Museum of Anthropology at UBC

Anthropology is a broad field that integrates with other disciplines. We prepare students to design and execute original research studies and become leaders in their field. Job opportunity and diversity are hallmarks of careers in anthropology.

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How did people go from being herders and farmers to having Pharaohs and building pyramids in such a relatively short period of time? Looking beyond the grand temples and tombs of Ancient Egypt, I became especially interested in settlement sites. I wanted to know about ordinary people and what the sites where they lived can tell us about their lives.

I took up the study of stone tools, such a durable and widely used medium, as a good way to get at these questions. To that end, in association with the university of Vienna, I am analyzing the stone tool technologies at Wadi el-Sheikh, a large-scale Pharaonic chert mining site. This project offers me the challenge of dealing with extremely large quantities of materials at many sites spread over sq kilometers.

Fortunately, I love doing fieldwork. I have 15 years experience working on archaeological projects in the U. With another project at Elkab, Egypt I am helping to excavate a settlement site with continuous stratified remains dating from the Badarian to the 5th Dynasty that should help us answer questions about the development of urbanism in Egypt.

Museum of Anthropology at UBC

Heating the stone tools zeroed out the electrical charge they had been carrying. That means any charge in the tools today would have been generated after they were buried, as the surrounding sediments bombarded the stone with natural radioactivity. The findings add Jebel Irhoud to a slim list of well-dated African fossil sites containing modern humans and their precursors.

The Center for Mountain and Plains Archaeology is committed to Outreach and Education: • Make our research open and accessible to the public through publications, talks, and events. • Lead tours of local archaeological sites.

Cro-Magnon France 27, , Note: Artifactual evidence indicates that modern humans were in Europe by at least 40, and possibly as early as 46, years ago. Dating of the earliest modern human fossils in Asia is less secure, but it is likely that they were present there by at least 60, years ago and possibly , years ago. It would seem from these dates that the location of initial modern Homo sapiens evolution and the direction of their dispersion from that area is obvious. That is not the case.

Since the early ‘s, there have been two leading contradictory models that attempt to explain modern human evolution–the replacement model and the regional continuity model. The replacement model of Christopher Stringer and Peter Andrews proposes that modern humans evolved from archaic humans , , years ago only in Africa and then some of them migrated into the rest of the Old World replacing all of the Neandertals and other late archaic humans beginning around 60, , years ago or somewhat earlier.

If this interpretation of the fossil record is correct, all people today share a relatively modern African ancestry. All other lines of humans that had descended from Homo erectus presumably became extinct. From this view, the regional anatomical differences that we now see among humans are recent developments–evolving mostly in the last 40, years. This hypothesis is also referred to as the “out of Africa”, “Noah’s ark”, and “African replacement” model.

The regional continuity model or multiregional evolution model advocated by Milford Wolpoff proposes that modern humans evolved more or less simultaneously in all major regions of the Old World from local archaic humans. For example, modern Chinese are seen as having evolved from Chinese archaic humans and ultimately from Chinese Homo erectus.

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Historical archaeologists study the emergence of the modern world from an anthropological perspective, with a special emphasis on material culture. The focus cultivates important links with faculty and students in other departments and research units of the University, including Geography and History, the Archaeology Research Laboratory, and the McClung Museum. This research focus provides faculty and students with a collaborative setting for scholarly research, cultural resource management, and public outreach.

Research addressing theoretical concerns centers on the global expansion of capitalism and variability in social complexity and systems of inequality that emerged in frontier encounters and solidified in colonial and post-colonial settings. Methodologically, historical archaeologists and affiliated scholars are developing innovative approaches in faunal and botanical analyses, geophysics, geomorphology, and dendrochronology to address these issues.

Research is supported through the Charles Faulkner Archaeology Laboratory, curating a significant comparative collection of historic ceramics, glass, architectural fragments and other artifacts dating primarily from the late eighteenth- through early twentieth centuries, and the Faunal Laboratory, housing more than 10, specimens used for comparative analysis in studies of historic subsistence.

Introduction. The Old Copper Complex, also known as the Old Copper Culture, refers to the items made by early inhabitants of the Great Lakes region during a period that spans several thousand years and covers several thousand square miles.

Bureau of Labor Statistics. Curriculum The online geospatial degree has a strong foundation in archaeology, ethics and conservation and includes a host of real-world applications that yield pragmatic experiences and portfolio-worthy projects. General education Degree-specific courses General Education Program Our programs are designed to equip you with the skills and insights you need to move forward. In recent years, employers have stressed the need for graduates with higher order skills – the skills that go beyond technical knowledge – such as: Writing Analysis Problem solving All bachelor’s students are required to take general education classes.

Through foundation, exploration and integration courses, students learn to think critically, creatively and collaboratively, giving you the edge employers are looking for.

Ancient discovery set to rewrite Australian history

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On Santa Rosa Island, one of the Channel Islands just 65 kilometers from Santa Barbara, nearly 20 sites have been found that reveal signs of prehistoric human activity, from massive middens of abalone shells to distinctive stone points and tool-making debris. Torben Rick of the Smithsonian Institution, who led the survey that uncovered the sites.

The discovery adds hefty new data to the already mounting evidence that maritime Paleoindians — also known as Paleocoastal peoples — lived along the California coast at the end of the last ice age. Modern members of the Chumash, who have inhabited the Channel Islands for thousands of years, re-create a crossing to the islands in a tomol canoe.

Uncovering hard evidence of this coastal migration has proved challenging, however, because the shorelines that Paleocoastal people would have followed have long since been submerged by rising seas. It was while studying some of these sites on San Miguel Island — another of the Channel Islands — that Rick and his colleagues made a key observation: They noted that Paleocoastal settlements tended to have certain traits in common that made them more suitable than sites right on the water.

Optimal locations were also near sources of useful raw materials, like chert for making tools, as well as fresh water and rockshelters or caves for refuge. Distinctive crescent-shaped stone tools, like this from neighboring San Miguel Island, are among the Paleocoastal artifacts that have been identified. Upon surveying the area, the team found 19 sites that showed signs of human occupation, mostly middens, or piles of detritus left over from generations of tool making and food preparation.

Although they were essentially prehistoric trash piles, these middens offered a wealth of useful archaeological clues, some deposits covering more than 75, square meters over 18 acres.

Historical Archaeology

American In the 19th century Meyers Konversations-Lexikon —90 , Caucasoid was one of the three great races of humankind, alongside Mongoloid and Negroid. The taxon was taken to consist of a number of subtypes. The Caucasoid peoples were usually divided into three groups on ethnolinguistic grounds, termed Aryan Indo-European , Semitic Semitic languages , and Hamitic Hamitic languages i. Berber – Cushitic – Egyptian.

Coon in his book The Races of Europe , described the Veddoid race as “possess[ing] an obvious relationship with the aborigines of Australia, and possibly a less patent one with the Negritos ” and as “the most important element in the Dravidian-speaking population of southern India”.

Archaeology, chile, monte verde, peopling of the americas, radiocarbon dating Monte Verde, Chile is a very interesting archaeological site. First discovered in , the site is about miles south of Santiago and has yielded artifacts of a small settlement of 20 to 30 people living in .

READ MORE Paleolithic toolmaking At sites dating from the Lower Paleolithic Period 2, , to , years ago , simple pebble tools have been found in association with the remains of what may have been some of the earliest human ancestors. A somewhat more-sophisticated Lower Paleolithic tradition known as the Chopper chopping-tool industry is widely distributed in the Eastern Hemisphere and tradition is thought to have been the work of the hominin species named Homo erectus.

It is believed that H. About , years ago a new Lower Paleolithic tool, the hand ax , appeared. The earliest European hand axes are assigned to the Abbevillian industry , which developed in northern France in the valley of the Somme River ; a later, more-refined hand-ax tradition is seen in the Acheulean industry , evidence of which has been found in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.

Some of the earliest known hand axes were found at Olduvai Gorge Tanzania in association with remains of H. Alongside the hand-ax tradition there developed a distinct and very different stone tool industry, based on flakes of stone: In Europe the Clactonian industry is one example of a flake tradition. The early flake industries probably contributed to the development of the Middle Paleolithic flake tools of the Mousterian industry , which is associated with the remains of Neanderthals.

In Taforalt, Morocco , the beads were dated to approximately 82, years ago, and other, younger examples were encountered in Blombos Cave, Blombosfontein Nature Reserve, on the southern coast of South Africa.

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